New York and Los Angeles top the list of the world’s 25 most resilient cities in a report released Monday by Tokio Marine Group and Economist Impact.
Rounding out the top five are London, Singapore and Paris respectively.
The five cities with the lowest resilience scores, ranked 21st to 25th on the list, are New Delhi, Jakarta, Cairo, Dhaka and Lagos.
The Economist Impact defines urban resilience as a city’s ability to survive, withstand and recover from shocks such as natural disasters and long-term stressors such as poverty, dilapidated infrastructure or migration, the report said.
The report said cities performed quite well in the “critical infrastructure pillar of the index”, but less well along the “social-institutional pillar”, mainly due to income inequality and poor health conditions.
Such findings assume additional significance against the backdrop of population projections showing cities as major population centres.
The report says that by 2050, more than two-thirds of the world’s population will call cities their home.
Sometimes a lack of infrastructure like electricity can hinder a city’s resilience, such as Mexico City, with 22 million people, or New Delhi, with 32 million people. About 107 million people live in cities with “inadequate electricity provision”, according to the report.
Like infrastructure, social services are also an important part of the equation. The report said only six cities – Dubai, Istanbul, London, Los Angeles, Munich and Tokyo – have emergency services that can respond in less than 10 minutes.